Learning Goals for Information Literacy: The Library and Information Research Process

Research assignments in college are invitations into ongoing, sometimes centuries-old conversations among students, teachers, researchers and scholars; and chances for students to practice and master the abilities outlined below. Developing these abilities will help students become more powerful learners in college and throughout their lives.

The framework below can help you incorporate these concepts into your classes.

Library and Information Research Question, Discover, Use model

Integrity and Participation in a Community of Scholarly Practice

  • Integrity
    Treat your field of study, your sources, your own thinking and your audience members fairly and with respect.
  • Participation
    Repeat the process with increasing difficulty and diversity of the underlying tasks so that you progress from being an outsider, to joining a community as a novice and finally to becoming a full member of a discipline.


Pose a question that interests you and others.

Discover Sources

Search for and access expert sources that can help you answer your question.

Use Sources

  • Thinking/Creating
    Transform what you learn from others into knowledge of your own making.
  • Reading/Understanding
    Read, view, interpret, analyze, and critique material from sources to construct your answer to the question.
  • Writing/Sharing
    Compose, produce, revise and present your answers and learning to others as a disciplined contribution to knowledge.