Anatolia College and the U.S. missionary movement

"In the year 1806 when our grandparents were young, a group of students in Williams College in a historic meeting for prayer under a haystack during a thunderstorm, talked of vast Asia with its needs and sins and sorrows, and "while the dark clouds were going and the clear sky was coming", these five young men consecrated themselves to endeavors in the field of the foreign missionary effort, with special reference to India. Four years later, in 1810, the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, A. B. C. F. M., was organized by older men and with headquarters in Boston. The leaders were largely Congregationalists but representatives of other denominations were cordially welcomed if they were willing to cooperate in the movement. Mark Hopkins, the great President of Williams College a little later, came to represent a whole series of outstanding college educators who fitted and inspired their students to go over-seas as missionaries of the cross. So the movement grew from small beginnings to send out its scouts and then its hosts to the far parts of all the earth."

[From: George E. White's "Adventuring With Anatolia College", p. 7 (Herald-Register Publishing Company, Grinnell, Iowa, March 1940)]


"Dr. George E. White in his book, "Adventuring With Anatolia College" (Grinnell, Iowa: Herald-Register Publishing Co., 1940), told the story of the school from its beginning in 1840 in Bebek, a suburb of Constantinople, to its reestablishment in Greece in 1924. The original school was started by an American missionary, Cyrus Hamlin, to train young men to become pastors and teachers among the Greeks and Armenians then living in Turkey. The high quality of the academic program and the increasing desire to learn English attracted a growing number who were not interested in theological training but wanted a general education. So, in 1864, the school divided into two separate institutions. The liberal arts section remained in Bebek and became Robert College. The theological seminary moved to Merzifon (Marsovan) in the interior of Turkey.

In Merzifon history repeated itself. More and more of the students wanted a general education; in 1886 the program was expanded to include a four-year liberal arts college named "Anatolia College". The name Anatolia refers not only to the area in Asia Minor where the school was located but also to the ancient Greek word meaning the dawn. The phrase "The Morning Cometh" was adopted as the school motto. The college seal is patterned after the view from the campus of the sun rising over lofty Akdag at the eastern end of the Merzifon Plain.

The pages which follow are not a continuation of Dr. White's history of the college. They are simply a narrative, drawn largely from memory, of my experiences from the time I began teaching at the college in 1913 until my retirement in 1958."

[Foreword by Carl. C. Compton (Anatolia College's President from 1950 to 1958) to his "The Morning Cometh: 45 years with Anatolia College", edited by John O. Iatrides and William R. Compton, Caratzas Publishing Co., 1986, ISBN 0-89241-422-7.]

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