Course Outline for
Location: Shineman Center 380
Class Hours: MWF: 3:00 - 3:55 PM
Instructor: Dr. Skubis
Office: Shineman Center 341
Course Description: Provides the Capstone
students. An original research topic is chosen with several oral
draft written reports given during the semester. A component of the
also include the result of hands-on research of meteorological data.
written reports and oral presentations culminate the Capstone
experience at the
end of the semester. The talk will have an audience of faculty and
Prerequisites: Senior standing in the
a.) Selection of a broad topic.
b.) Using library and scientific organization's
resources to retrieve, search, and read journals and textbooks.
c.) Narrowing of the topic.
d.) Reading and discussion of technical papers.
e.) The creation of an annotated bibliography.
f.) Development of an outline.
g.) American Meteorological Society (AMS)
h.) Writing the draft paper.
i.) Oral progress reports.
j.) Evaluation of the draft paper by
k.) Writing the final paper.
l.) Putting together a
presentation for a timed
final talk with questions.
m.) Participate in the asking of questions during
Written Draft: 10%
Oral progress reports: 5%
Final written paper: 60%
Final Talk: 25%
Office Hours: MWF: 4:00pm -
2:30pm - 3:00pm and by
Calendar: Link to schedule
Must Write, Halsted Press, 175 pp.
Katz, Michael, J., 1985: Elements of the Scientific Paper: A
Guide for Students and Professionals, Yale Univ. Press, 130
Rodrigues, Dawn and Myron C. Truman, 1999: Writing Essentials
Quick-Reference Coverage of Writing Online, 2nd Ed., Norton
Seitter, Keith L. and Arlyn S. Powell, Jr., 1992: "Authors'
Bulletin American Meteorological Society, Vol 73, No. 8, p 51-532.
http://www.ametsoc.org/pubs/journals/index.html AMS Authors' Resource Center
http://www.ametsoc.org/PUBS/Authorsguide/pdf_vs/authguide.pdf AMS Author's Guide
Author's Brief Guide
AMS Guidelines for Preparing References
A self-made Microsoft Word
document template for the AMS format can be
here Download AMSlayout.dot
Place this file into your documents directory. To
document with this template either left button double click or right
choose New. Now inside the document named
clicking on the task bar Format and then Style...
styles. Start typing in text and creating your paper and save
under File →
As.... The template will stay with this
document so simply
A self-made Microsoft Word document in the AMS format describing the
layout can be downloaded here
synonymous word or definition of a word use Microsoft's
Word Thesaurus or connect to http://www.webster.com/
search for a journal article on the web
Oswego College Penfield
LibraryARTICLES AND MORE
Research Guides by Subject
A-Z List of Databases & Indexes
Journals and Newspapers by
Title (electronic & paper) «--------
Click on Subjects tab and choose science from drop down list.
Under Physics choose Meteorology. Climatology (~67)
Recommend going through Academic
Search Complete or OmniFile Full Text Select
to access the journals
journals, 2 years or older, are available in
|Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
||Journal of Climate
|Journal of Applied Meteorology
||Journal of Hydrometeorology
|Journal of Physical Oceanography
||Bulletin of the American
|Monthly Weather Review
||Weather, Climate, and
|Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic
|Weather and Forecasting
of AMS journals
Penfield Library Journal Collection, 2nd Floor / v.54 (1928) - v.124 (1998)
Journal of the Royal
Journal of Climatology
Left panel: Publications
|J. Geophys. Res. - Atmospheres
09/01/2009 to present in Research Library (ProQuest)
|J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans
|J. Geophys. Res. - Earth Surface
|Review of Geophysics
Left panel: Publications
Web sites to retrieve
data or graphics:
Iowa Environmental Mesonet - Iowa State University Department of Agronomy
Under RawData choose GEMPAK data archive; available going back to 2001.
Climatic Data Center (NCDC) and the Forecast
Systems Laboratory (FSL)
soundings from 1994 to present.
University of Wyoming N.
Database Access: http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/naconf.html
Case studies from 1993 to
Case Study Library:
NOAA Central Library U.S. Daily Weather Maps Project (historical daily weather maps from 1871 thru 2002)
Diagnostics Center (CDC), interactive graphic
data retrieval of the
Reanalysis I data from
The raw data, which requires a read program, can
instance: Links to interactive
Reanalysis 2 data from 1979 to present
North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) from 1979 to present (~32km resolution)
Choose data to plot at Earth
System Research Laboratory: Physical Sciences Division (PSD)
data and plot NCEP/DOE Reanalysis (Reanalysis-2) , CDAS-NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis,
NARR: North America Regional Reanalysis - BAMS dvd update, GFS, NAM, and more
Simply place the
executable file onto your
desktop and execute by double clicking the icon. Bring up
explorer and simply drag the gif files from windows explorer to the
unfreez window. The placement of the files into the unfreez
window, from top (start) to bottom (finish), is the same order the
images will be animated. A time saver is to drag a group of
files over to the unfreez window with the cursor on the first file of the
recommended delay time is 20 cs (centiseconds or 10-2
This a a complete office suite called LibreOffice
with nearly the same
features as the Microsoft Office Suite. This software was purchased by
Sun Microsystems in 1999 and given a name of StarOffice. Fews years
became open source and developed as OpenOffice. Recently changes to
download LibreOffice for Windows or Linux follow the link:
A recommended full package graphics software to create, view, and
modify images is the GNU Image Manipulation Program or GIMP
For the windows version of GIMP
for Windows from the same web site.
To view postscript and pdf files and convert postscript to pdf or a
graphics file download AFPL Ghostscript 9.02
and Ghostview 5.0.
Just link to the web site:
A recommended text editor for the Linux or Windows system
Edit data files, compare files, and view and edit in hexidecimal.
editor for windows based word processors like Microsoft Word or
Equation Magic Lite
OLE-based equation editor for Win 95/98/NT/ME/2000.
Some Microsoft products
Power Point Viewer
an Excel spreadsheet to
compute Meteorology major and overall GPA
letter grades and the rest will automatically be created.
most recent version of the Meteorology BS Degree General Outline ⇒
Senior Seminar 2004
2004: Lake effect snow: A case
study for the lake effect snow event of Jan. 28-31, 2004.
Tornadoes and severe
weather outbreaks: Two case studies of tornadoes, 3‑4 April, 1974 and 3
2004: Ice Storms: A case study
of the Northeast US / New England
storm of 4-10 January 1998.
Lake effect snow on the
Great Salt Lake of Utah, United States: A case study of the 25-27
1998 lake effect snow event.
for Explosive Cyclogenesis Over the Great Lakes: A Life and Death
Scenario for the Crews of Merchant Vessels,
i.e., the Story
of the Edmund
Deposition in the Northeast and Factors Affecting Deposition.
Gravity Waves: Stationary
Solutions Under Different Flows and Static Stability over the Northeast
Ingredients for Lake
Effect Snow and a
Comparison of Models Case Study.
The March 12-13, 1993
The Dynamical Ingredients
Powerful Coastal Storm.
Hurricane Charlie 2004:
Unforecasted Rapid Intensification
and Dynamical Factors
Climatology and Dynamical
for Low Level Jets.
Hurricane Season 2004:
Became a Bull's-eye.
Factors Influencing the
Tracks of Tropical Cyclones.
Intensities: Comparison of Hurricane Forecast Models and Factors
Oscillation: Relation to Climate.
Controlling the NAO
Effects of Burn-scars in
Forest on the Local Climate: Radiation and Boundary Layer Mixing
Case Study of the May
Tornado Outbreak and Tornadogenesis.
Formation of Sea-Breezes
Influences on Thunderstorms and a Case Study of a Sea-Breeze
Convection: Dynamical Factors for Formation
and Severe Potential, with a case Study on the April 18, 2004 New York
Severe Thunderstorms Outbreak.
Climatology of New
and Case Studies of Significant Events
Necessary Ingredients with
A Closer Inspection of
The Dryline and its Effect on Convective Initiation
A Mesoscale Convective
Analysis of the Sensitivity of Model Simulations of Lake-Effect
Snowstorms to Heat and Moisture Fluxes
Study on the Mount Saint Helens Volcanic Eruption
Sulfur Dioxide Dispersion in Rochester, NY with the ISC3
Coupling of Upper Level Jet Streaks: A Case Study
Closer Look at a New York Ice Storm
2005 Hurricane Season: A Climate Perspective, Past and Present
Effect Thundersnow Off of Lake Ontario
1993: The Perfect Atmospheric Conditions for the Strongest Blizzard of
the 20th Century
An Analysis of Snow Removal Techniques: Lake Effect Region vs Mid-Atlantic Region
The Effects of the 1998 Derechos in the United States
Economic Impact of Weather on Agricultural Commodities
Biases associated with Medium Range Forecasting from Numerical Models with regards to Northeast Snowstorms
An Analysis of the Validity of the Correlative Equation for the EF-Scale
The Affects of Volcanic Eruptions on Long and Short Term Weather
Modeling Atmospheric Blocking
The Influence of Lake Ontario on Pollutants
Case Studies of Storm Surges
Erosion Along Long Island
Global Warming and Lake Effect Snowfall Trends
Notable Nor'easters Affecting Eastern New York State
Lake Effect Snowstorms in a Broader Meteorological Context
Upwelling and Mixing of Ocean Waters Caused by a Tropical Cyclone
Weather Phenomena in Africa
Mid-Atlantic Severe Weather
Lake Storm Carp and the Canadian Connection
An Idealized Study of Supercell Intensification over a River Valley
Importance of Meteorologists during the Normandy Invasion of World War II, D-Day, June 6, 1944
A Study of the Fujiwhara Effect using a Shallow Water Model
Analysis of a Long-lived Tornadic Supercell
A Numerical Simulation of an Anticyclonic Supercell
A Case Study of the Interstate-75 Crash Due to Dense Fog
Philadelphia Urban Heat Island
Potential Available Wind Power at SUNY Oswego
Forecasting Hurricane Eyewall Replacement Cycles
Tornadogenesis Associated With Landfall Hurricanes
Significant Tornadoes in New York
Forecast Accuracy of Broadcast Meteorologists
Heat Conduction and Geothermal Energy
Lack of United States Landfalling Tropical Systems during the 2010 Atlantic Hurricane Season
La Niña Causes and Effects: What went Wrong in the Northeast this Winter Season
Wind Energy Potential from Air Flow around Tug Hill
Case Study of the July 28th, 1993 Severe Storms in Northeast Ohio
A Long Lasting Lake-Effect Storm Event in the Buffalo Area, 12/24/2001 to 1/1/2002
An Enhancement of the Saffir-Simpson Scale
The Hydrology Dynamics of the June 2006 Flood in the Susquehanna River
Historic Severe Weather Outbreak of April 25-28, 2011
Solar Energy in the Northeast United States: Feasibility
The Dynamics behind Redevelopment of Nor’easter Systems
A Comparative Analysis to the Winter of 2011-2012
A Case Study of the Valentine’s Day 2007 Interior Northeast Snowstorm With Significant Meso-Scale Banded Snowfall
An Investigation of Two Late Season Tornadoes
Improving the WRF Model Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Performance during the 02 February 2011 Snow Event
Evaluating WRF Model Planetary Boundary Layer Schemes
Shortwave Influences on Lake-Effect Snowbands during the OWLES Project
Sandy Gone Sideways: Influences on Hurricane Sandy
Tornado Outbreak over the Northeast on 31 May 1998:
Main Focus on Tornado in Tioga, Broome, and Delaware Counties
Forecasting Severe Weather
A Comparison of Two Different Tornado Outbreaks in the Central United States
Case Study of Groundhog Day Blizzard of 2011
Comparison of Observed and Modeled Gravity Waves of the Sierra Nevada's
Comparison of Environments for Non-tornadic and Tornadic Supercells:
Study of Two Events from the SUNY Oswego Storm Chase of 2013
Hurricanes over the Atlantic: Causes for Variability in Activity
Topographical Effects on the 29 May 2013 Tornado Outbreak near Albany, N.Y.
A Case Study of the October 20, 2013 Waterspout Outbreak over Lake Ontario
Mesoscale Banded Structures in Eastern U.S. Blizzards