Online Encyclopedias and Dictionaries by Subject

This list includes encyclopedias and dictionaries selected by Penfield Library for the online reference collection.
Also available: A-Z List of Online Encyclopedias and Dictionaries



Key general and interdisciplinary resources
Contemporary Fashion, 2nd edition, 2002
 
Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion (3 v.), 2005
Also available in paper copy: Ref GT507 .E53 2005
 
Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, (2 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref BP40 .E525 2004
 
Encyclopedia of Modern Asia (6 v.), 2002
 
Oxford Art Online
Provides access to The Dictionary of Art (paper copy REF N31 .D5 1996 v.1-34), original essays by scholars in the field, image links for drawings, paintings, maps etc. Multi-cultural and multi-national material is included. New material is added on a regular basis. Limited to five users -- please remember to log off.
 
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, (5 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref E169.1 .S764 2000
 
Communication Studies
Encyclopedia of Communication and Information (3 v.), 2002
Also available in paper copy: Ref P87.5 .E53 2002
 
Encyclopedia of Political Communication
 
Opposing Viewpoints In Context (Gale) NOVEL logo
Access viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Great for current issues research.
 
Contemporary Poets, 7th edition, 2001
 
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, 2nd edition, (6v.), 2006
 
Encyclopedia of Literature
Merriam-Webster's work, online as part of Gale's Literature Resource Center.
 
Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion [6 v.], 2005
 
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL)
A collection of 100+ reference titles available in full-text electronically. Search the entire collection, or search selected titles using "advanced search."
 
The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism
Provides overviews and introductions to theoretical movements, critics, and theorists. Entries cover literary and cultural theories that may be useful in literary criticism or cinema and screen studies.
 
Literary Research Guide, 2008
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature
Also available in paper copy: Ref PS21 .E537 2004
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature
 
Oxford English Dictionary
Comprehensive dictionary of the English language, including word origins.
 
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, (5 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref E169.1 .S764 2000
 
Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (5v.), 2005
Also available in paper copy: Ref D23.B45 2005
 
Dictionary of American History (10 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref E174 .D52 2003
 
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, 2nd edition, (6v.), 2006
 
Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, (2 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref BP40 .E525 2004
 
Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, 2nd edition, (6 v.), 2008
 
Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages
 
Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World, (6 v.), 2004
 
Historical Dictionary of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
 
New Dictionary of the History of Ideas, (6 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref CB 9 .N49 2005
 
New Encyclopedia of Africa (5 v.)
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures
Also available in paper copy: Ref F1218.6 .O95 2001
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History
 
Oxford English Dictionary
Comprehensive dictionary of the English language, including word origins.
 
Salem Press History
American History reference series organized by the decades.
 
Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life, 2nd edition [5 .], 2009
 
Modern Languages
Countries and Their Cultures, 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, (3 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref GT2850 .E53 2003
 
Encyclopedia of Modern Asia (6 v.), 2002
 
Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, 2nd edtion, (4 v.), 2004
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre & Performance
 
Oxford Music Online
Provides access to The Oxford Dictionary of Music, Grove Music Online and The Oxford Companion to Music. Audio examples require free download of Scorch software. Limited to three users -- please remember to log off.
 
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, (5 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref E169.1 .S764 2000
 
Companion to Epistemology
 
Companion to Metaphysics
Also available in paper copy: Ref BD111 .C626 2009
 
Contemporary American Religion, (2 v.), 1999
 
Encyclopedia of Bioethics , 3rd edition, (5 v.), 2004
Also available in paper copy: Ref QH 332 .E52 2004 (3rd. ed., 5 vols)
 
Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, (2 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref BP40 .E525 2004
 
Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, 2nd edition, (6 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref KF 4548 E53 2000
 
New Dictionary of the History of Ideas, (6 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref CB 9 .N49 2005
 
Contemporary American Religion, (2 v.), 1999
 
Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, (2 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref BP40 .E525 2004
 
New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd ed, [15 v.], 2003
 
Contemporary Fashion, 2nd edition, 2002
 
Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion (3 v.), 2005
Also available in paper copy: Ref GT507 .E53 2005
 
Encyclopedia of Modern Asia (6 v.), 2002
 
Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages, (5 v.), 2004 SUNY Connect logo
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature
Also available in paper copy: Ref PS21 .E537 2004
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre & Performance
 
Anthropology/Archaeology
Countries and Their Cultures, 2001
 
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, 2nd edition, (6v.), 2006
 
Encyclopedia of Death and the Human Experience [2 v.], 2009
 
Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, (3 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref GT2850 .E53 2003
 
New Encyclopedia of Africa (5 v.)
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures
Also available in paper copy: Ref F1218.6 .O95 2001
 
Business Plans Handbook
Also available in paper copy: Ref HD62.7 .B865 (older copies in Reference Storage). Additional Business Plans are available from SBA and Palo Alto Software
 
Encyclopedia of Business and Finance (2 v.), 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society (5 v.), 2008
 
Encyclopedia of Business in Today's World (4 v.), 2009
 
Encyclopedia of Finance, 2006
 
Encyclopedia of Small Business, 4th edition, [2 v.], 2011
 
Gale Encyclopedia of American Law, 3rd edition, (14 v.), 2011
 
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL)
A collection of 100+ reference titles available in full-text electronically. Search the entire collection, or search selected titles using "advanced search."
 
Counseling & Psychological Services
Child Development, 2002
 
Encyclopedia of Career Development (2 v.), 2006
 
Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology
 
Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, 2nd edition, (4 v.), 2001
Also available in paper copy: Ref HV5804 .E53 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Education, 2nd edition, (8v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 15 .E47 2003
 
Encyclopedia of School Psychology
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 1027.55.E523 2005
 
Mental Measurements Yearbook
A database of descriptive information and edited reviews for over 7,000 commercially available testing instruments. Print editions 1-17 (1938-2007) in Reference Storage BF 421 .B96.
 
Encyclopedia of Finance, 2006
 
Opposing Viewpoints In Context (Gale) NOVEL logo
Access viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Great for current issues research.
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History
Also available in paper copy: Ref HC16 .O64 2003
 
Worldmark Encyclopedia of National Economies, (4 v.), 2002
 
Edspeak: Glossary of Education Terms, Phrases, Buzzwords, and Jargon
 
Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice (3 v.), 2007
 
Encyclopedia of African American Education, 2009
 
Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society, (3 v.), 2004
 
Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology
 
Encyclopedia of Education Law, (2 v.), 2008
 
Encyclopedia of Education, 2nd edition, (8v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 15 .E47 2003
 
Encyclopedia of Educational Leadership and Administration (2 v.), 2006
 
Encyclopedia of Law and Higher Education, 2010
 
Encyclopedia of School Psychology
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 1027.55.E523 2005
 
Encyclopedia of the Social and Cultural Foundations of Education, (3 v.), 2009
 
World Education Encyclopedia, 2nd edition, (3 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 15 W87 2001
 
Business Plans Handbook
Also available in paper copy: Ref HD62.7 .B865 (older copies in Reference Storage). Additional Business Plans are available from SBA and Palo Alto Software
 
Encyclopedia of Children, Adolescents, and the Media (2v.), 2007
Presents state-of-the-art research and ready-to-use facts on the media's interaction with children and adolescents.
 
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL)
A collection of 100+ reference titles available in full-text electronically. Search the entire collection, or search selected titles using "advanced search."
 
Political Science
Blackwell Dictionary of Political Science
Also available in paper copy: Ref JA 61 B43 1999
 
Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought
Online version is a reprint of 1987 print version. Also available in paper copy: Ref JA 61 B57 1987
 
Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy (2 v.), 2002
Also available in paper copy: Ref JX 1407 E53 2002
 
Encyclopedia of Political Communication
 
Encyclopedia of Politics: The Left and The Right, [2 v], 2005
Also available in paper copy: Ref JA 61 .E54 2005
 
Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, 2nd edition, (6 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref KF 4548 E53 2000
 
Gale Encyclopedia of American Law, 3rd edition, (14 v.), 2011
 
New Dictionary of the History of Ideas, (6 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref CB 9 .N49 2005
 
Opposing Viewpoints In Context (Gale) NOVEL logo
Access viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Great for current issues research.
 
Talking Terrorism: a dictionary of the loaded language of political violence
 
Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources
 
Child Development, 2002
 
Encyclopedia of Aging, (4 v.), 2002
Also available in paper copy: Ref. HQ 1061 E53 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology
 
Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, 2nd edition, (4 v.), 2001
Also available in paper copy: Ref HV5804 .E53 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Gerontology, 2nd edition, (2v.), 2007
 
Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law [2 v.], 2008
 
Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying, (2 v.), 2003
 
Crime and punishment in the United States
 
Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice, 2nd edition, (4 v.), 2002
Also available in paper copy: Ref HV 6017 .E52 2002, v. 1-4
 
Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, 2nd edition, (4 v.), 2001
Also available in paper copy: Ref HV5804 .E53 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Education Law, (2 v.), 2008
 
Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Violence
 
Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement, (3 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref HV 7921.E53 2005
 
Encyclopedia of Prisons and Correctional Facilities, (2 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref HV 9471.E693 2005
 
Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law [2 v.], 2008
 
Encyclopedia of Race and Crime, [2v.], 2009
 
Encyclopedia of Sociology, 2nd edition, (5 v.), 2000
 
Gale Encyclopedia of American Law, 3rd edition, (14 v.), 2011
 
Gale Encyclopedia of Everyday Law
 
Opposing Viewpoints In Context (Gale) NOVEL logo
Access viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Great for current issues research.
 
World of Forensic Science, (2 v.), 2005
 
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, 2nd edition, (6v.), 2006
 
Encyclopedia of Aging, (4 v.), 2002
Also available in paper copy: Ref. HQ 1061 E53 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society, (3 v.), 2004
 
Encyclopedia of Conflict Resolution
Also available in paper copy: Ref. HM 136 B783 1997
 
Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, 2nd edition, (4 v.), 2001
Also available in paper copy: Ref HV5804 .E53 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Gerontology, 2nd edition, (2v.), 2007
 
Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered History in America, (3 v.), 2004
 
Encyclopedia of Play in Today's Society [2v.], 2009
 
Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America, (2 v.), 2004
 
Encyclopedia of Sociology, 2nd edition, (5 v.), 2000
 
Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America, 2nd edition, 2000
 
International Encyclopedia of Marriage and Family , 2nd edition, (4 v.), 2003
 
Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying, (2 v.), 2003
 
Opposing Viewpoints In Context (Gale) NOVEL logo
Access viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Great for current issues research.
 
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, (5 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref E169.1 .S764 2000
 
Technology Education
Access Science
Online version of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
 
Encyclopedia of Education, 2nd edition, (8v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 15 .E47 2003
 
Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy, (3 v.), 2001
 
Space Sciences, (4 v.), 2002
 
World Education Encyclopedia, 2nd edition, (3 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 15 W87 2001
 
Vocational Teacher Preparation
Encyclopedia of Education, 2nd edition, (8v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 15 .E47 2003
 
Encyclopedia of School Psychology
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 1027.55.E523 2005
 
Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health, 2nd edition, (5 v.), 2006
 
World Education Encyclopedia, 2nd edition, (3 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref LB 15 W87 2001
 
Biological Sciences
Access Science
Online version of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
 
Encyclopedia of Bioethics , 3rd edition, (5 v.), 2004
Also available in paper copy: Ref QH 332 .E52 2004 (3rd. ed., 5 vols)
 
Encyclopedia of Evolution
Also available in paper copy: Ref QH 360.2 E54 2002
 
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL)
A collection of 100+ reference titles available in full-text electronically. Search the entire collection, or search selected titles using "advanced search."
 
Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd edition, (17 v.), 2003
Also available in paper copy: Ref. QL 3 .G7813 2003
 
Access Science
Online version of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
 
World of Forensic Science, (2 v.), 2005
 
Computer & Information Science
Access Science
Online version of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
 
Computer Sciences, (4 v.), 2002
Articles on computer and information science, including historical information and selected biographies
 
Concise Encyclopedia of Robotics
 
Dictionary of Information Science and Technology
Includes terms and definitions in the fields of information science and technology. Also available in paper copy: Ref T58.5 .D499 2007
 
Digital Libraries: Principles and Practices in a Global Environment, 2005
 
Encyclopedia of Information Ethics & Security, 2008
 
Gale Encyclopedia of E-Commerce, (2 v.), 2002
Articles relating to the Internet and commerce. Presents answers to common questions about website development, financing, advertising, and more. Features 470 essays covering topics and terms, profiles of the top e-commerce companies, biographies of e-commerce innovators, and coverage of events and legislation related to the Internet and to e-commerce.
 
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL)
A collection of 100+ reference titles available in full-text electronically. Search the entire collection, or search selected titles using "advanced search."
 
Access Science
Online version of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
 
Encyclopedia of Earth
 
Encyclopedia of Global Change, 2001
Also available in paper copy: Ref GE 149 E47 2002
 
Environmental Encyclopedia, 3rd edition, (2 v.), 2003
 
World of Earth Science, (2 v.), 2003
 
Health Promotion & Wellness
Encyclopedia of Aging, (4 v.), 2002
Also available in paper copy: Ref. HQ 1061 E53 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, 2nd edition, (4 v.), 2001
Also available in paper copy: Ref HV5804 .E53 2001
 
Encyclopedia of Gerontology, 2nd edition, (2v.), 2007
 
Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America, (2 v.), 2004
 
Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, (4v.), 2005
 
Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer , [2 v.], 2006
 
Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health, 2nd edition, (5 v.), 2006
 
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL)
A collection of 100+ reference titles available in full-text electronically. Search the entire collection, or search selected titles using "advanced search."
 
Magill's Medical Guide
One to three page articles for the general reader. Also available in paper copy: Ref RC 41 .M34
 
Access Science
Online version of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
 
Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics
 
Access Science
Online version of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
 
Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather [2 v.], 2011
 
Encyclopedia of Earth
 
Weather Almanac, 11th edition, 2004
 
World of Earth Science, (2 v.), 2003
 
Access Science
Online version of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
 
American Men and Women of Science, 2003
In depth entries on U.S. scientists. Newer edition available in paper copy: Ref Storage Q141 .A47 2005
 
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL)
A collection of 100+ reference titles available in full-text electronically. Search the entire collection, or search selected titles using "advanced search."
 
Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy, (3 v.), 2001
 
Space Sciences, (4 v.), 2002
 
African & African American Studies
Africa and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History [3 v.], 2008
 
Encyclopedia of African American Education, 2009
 
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, 2nd edition, (6v.), 2006
 
Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture [3 v.], 2008
 
Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America, 2nd edition, 2000
 
New Encyclopedia of Africa (5 v.)
 
Opposing Viewpoints In Context (Gale) NOVEL logo
Access viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Great for current issues research.
 
Oxford African American Studies Center
Over 7500 articles from core African American reference sources; also including primary source documents, images, maps, timelines, and biographies.
 
Cinema and Screen Studies
International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers
 
The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism
Provides overviews and introductions to theoretical movements, critics, and theorists. Entries cover literary and cultural theories that may be useful in literary criticism or cinema and screen studies.
 
Movies in American History: An Encyclopedia [3 v.], 2011
 
Schirmer Encyclopedia of Film, [4 v.], 2007
 
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, (5 v.)
Also available in paper copy: Ref E169.1 .S764 2000
 
Environment & Sustainability
Access Science
Online version of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
 
Encyclopedia of American Environmental History [4 v.], 2011
 
Encyclopedia of Environment and Society
 
Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy
 
Encyclopedia of Global Change, 2001
Also available in paper copy: Ref GE 149 E47 2002
 
Encyclopedia of Global Warming, 2010
 
Environmental Encyclopedia, 3rd edition, (2 v.), 2003
 
Opposing Viewpoints In Context (Gale) NOVEL logo
Access viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Great for current issues research.
 
Gender and Women's Studies
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History, 2nd edition, (6v.), 2006
 
Encyclopedia of Gender and Society
 
Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered History in America, (3 v.), 2004
 
Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion [6 v.], 2005
 
Opposing Viewpoints In Context (Gale) NOVEL logo
Access viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Great for current issues research.
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History
 
Global and International Studies
Canadian Encyclopedia
Also available in paper copy: Ref F1006 .C36 1999
 
Countries and Their Cultures, 2001
 
Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia [4 v.], 2011
 
Opposing Viewpoints In Context (Gale) NOVEL logo
Access viewpoint articles, topic overviews, statistics, primary documents, links to websites, and full-text magazine and newspaper articles. Great for current issues research.
 
Worldmark Encyclopedia of National Economies, (4 v.), 2002
 
Native American Indians
Dictionary of Native American Mythology
Also available in paper copy: Ref E98.R3 G46 1992
 
Encyclopedia of American Indian History [4 v.], 2008
 
Native Peoples Law
Listed in the "Legal Guides" section of "Westlaw Campus Research".
 
Oxford Art Online
Provides access to The Dictionary of Art (paper copy REF N31 .D5 1996 v.1-34), original essays by scholars in the field, image links for drawings, paintings, maps etc. Multi-cultural and multi-national material is included. New material is added on a regular basis. Limited to five users -- please remember to log off.
 
Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature
Also available in paper copy: Ref PS21 .E537 2004