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August 9th, 1813
Editor's Note: Here, Granger writes to Secretary of War, John Armstrong to inform him of the commendable behavior of the Indians in combat during a British attack on the American side of the Niagara River. Against the prevailing attitudes of most whites, Granger praised the Indians for exhibiting the "greatest coolness and intrepidy" while under fire. Fort George had been a highly-valued military-centerpiece for the British in southern Ontario - until the successful May 27, 1813 American siege led by the Physician-Senior Major-General Henry Dearborn placed it in American hands.
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[Secretary of War, John Armstrong]
A letter from General Dearborn, dated at Fort George,
June 21st, 1813, was received by me; and in it a request contained,
that I would immediately bring forward to Fort George, one hundred
and fifty Indians, on condition they were willing to join our army and
enter into the service of the United States. The Indians did not choose
to give a positive answer as to what part they would take in the war,
until they had seen the General.
A few of the principal Chiefs with some warriors repaired with me
to Fort George. The General wished them to stay, but as they had at
the request of our Government taken a neutral part, and the unfortunate
affairs at Stoney Creek and Beaver Dam had recently taken place* *,
the Indians thought their safest course was to continue neutrality.
They urged in their private councils that the invitation for them to go
to war did not come from the Great War Chief of the United States,
meaning the Secretary of War. They, however, agreed to return home,
call a general council of the Confederacy, take up the question, and let
General Dearborn know the result.
In the communications which I had heretofore received from the War
Department, I had been instructed to use my influence in keeping the
Indans quiet by telling them they had nothing to do with this war; that...
and advanced toward York (Toronto) but the British counterattacked. The American
forces retreated after an engagement at Stony Creek and were ambushed at Beaver
Dam with substantial losses in dead, wounded and captured.
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