Human Subjects - Debriefing
Indie concert: Arms & Sleepers, American Royalty and Gianni Paci
Arms & Sleepers is an electronic duo from Boston. American Royalty is a psych-pop trio from Brooklyn. Guitarist Gianni Paci is a recent graduate of New York University and is influenced by Buddy Holly and The Beatles. Performer Magazine recently featured him on its cover. $5 at the door; parking for those without a campus parking sticker is $1 -- see oswego.edu/administration/parking. 312-4581.
Location: Lounge, Hewitt Union
Friday, April 25, 7 p.m. - 10 p.m.
Theatre performance: "Young Frankenstein"
$15 ($7 for SUNY Oswego students), including parking in front of Culkin Hall and in lot E-18 east of Culkin. 312-2141. www.oswego.edu/arts
Location: Waterman Theatre, Tyler Hall
Friday, April 25, 7:30 p.m. - 9:45 p.m.
Baseball vs. Plattsburgh
Location: Oswego, NY- Laker Baseball Field
Friday, April 25, 3 p.m. - 5:30 p.m.
Men's Golf Spring Tournament
Location: Oswego, NY - Oswego Country Club
Saturday, April 26, 11 a.m. - 5 p.m.
GOLD Third Thursdays
Visit http://www.facebook.com/events/453070221388940 for the latest locations or suggest your own!
Location: Various Cities
Thursday, May 15, 6 p.m. - 8 p.m.
Reunion Weekend 2014
More information: alumni.oswego.edu/reunion
Location: SUNY Oswego, New York 104, Oswego, NY, United States
Thursday, June 5, noon - noon
When a person agrees to participate in a research project you have designed, they are placing their lives in your hands for the duration of their participation. The informed consent form is a contract, which says that the participant agrees to "give data" to you, and in return, you guarantee that the participant will leave your "Laboratory" as the same person he/she was when he/she entered. Specifically, the researcher has the ethical responsibility to preserve the participant's:
- physical safety;
- privacy: "the right to decide for oneself how much we will share with others our thoughts, feelings, and personal facts: (Sasson & Nelson, 1971, p. 268);
- self-concept: the knowledge of one's physical and psychological traits;
- comfort: "being at ease physically, mentally and socially and feeling no pain or urgent,
- nsatisfied wants" (Sasson & Nelson, 1971, pp. 277-278); and
- dignity: the worth, respect, and decency deserving of every human being.
To the extent that any of these is compromised, either intentionally (e.g., through a deceptive experimental "cover story") or accidentally (e.g., viewing a disturbing or offensive video clip), you must DEBRIEF each participant. Debriefing occurs immediately after a participant has finished "giving data," and it should do the following:
- state all of the purposes and hypotheses of your project;
- reveal any deceptions, explain the purpose of such deceptions, and relieve any embarrassment for having "fallen for it" (e.g., after a study of effects of anxiety on cognitive performance, tell the participant that "the puzzles were designed to be insoluble for everyone");
- remedy any incorrect factual information that might have been given during the experiment (e.g., after a questionnaire assessing one's knowledge about AIDS, give the participant the correct information about it);
- provide names and phone numbers of professionals who could help the participant discuss sensitive issues brought out during the project (e.g., after a survey of sexual and contraceptive behavior, tell the participant that he/she may "call Dr. Smith, 555-1234, at the campus health clinic, to receive more information about effective birth control methods); and
- offer a specific period of time (e.g., one month from the date of participation) during which participants may contact you, to ask questions about the project and to obtain a summary of the results.
This can be done either orally or in writing, but giving participants a written debriefing insures that they will get the information you are obligated to give them. Obviously, your specific study might not require all five of the above elements; when in doubt, ask the Co-Chairs of the Human Subjects Committee (Dr. Friedman, x6381 or Dr. Bozak, x2156), or discuss it with your instructor or faculty sponsor.
Please remember that our research participants - or "human subjects": -- have feelings, opinions, and rights, none of which is forfeited simply as a consequence of their participation.
American Psychological Association (1981). Ethical principles of psychologist. American Psychologist, 36 (6), 633-638.
Ray, W. J. & Ravizza, R. (1988). Methods toward a science of behavior and experience. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Sasson, R. & Nelson, T. M. (1971). The human experimental subject in context. In J. Jung (Ed.), The experimenter's dilemma. New York: Harper & Row.