FLORA OF RICE CREEK FIELD STATION
Mosses & Liverworts:
Small tufted or creeping green plants spreading to form mats on soil, rocks,
logs or tree trunks (a few aquatic). Lacking internal strengthing (vascular)
Herbaceous plants reproducing by spores. Supported by internal strengthing
(vascular) tissue. Clubmosses resemble mosses but are larger. Horsetails have
segmented (jointed) stems with a series of tiny leaves encircling the stem
at each joint. Most ferns have large, complexly branched leaves arising from
creeping or underground stems.
Trees, shrubs, and woody vines; plants with persistent above-ground stems that
live from year to year.
Pines, Spruces, Larches, Firs, Cedars, Yews
Mostly trees, with small scale-like or slender needle-like leaves.
Most with seed produced in a cone and with evergreen foliage
Broad-Leaved Woody Plants: (also
see Herb Garden
under Cultivated Herbaceous Plants)
Trees and shrubs with broad, usually deciduous leaves.
With Alternate Leaves:
Leaves arranged singly, or one at a time, on the stem.
or Whorled Leaves:
Leaves arranged in pairs, two at a time, or three at a time on the
Wild Growing Herbaceous Plants:
Plants that grow without cultivation and that die back to gound at the end
of the growing season.
Plants growing completely submerged or floating on the surface of
streams, pools, and ponds (see also Riccia fluitans and Fissidens
grandifrons under Mosses and Liverworts, and Azzolla caroliniana
under Ferns). Look for emergent plants, those rooted in water but with leaves,
stems, and flowers projecting above the water surface, in Graminoids, Spring
Flowers or Summer Flowers.
Grasses, sedges, reeds, rushes, and cat-tails. Plants generally with
long, narrow, pointed leaves or with green stems and no apparent leaves and
with very small flowers often of unique structure.
Asters and Their Relatives:
The Aster family; Asters, Daisys, Goldenrods, Thistles, Burdock, Ragweed,
Dandelions and relatives. Flowers tiny and born in clusters (heads) that
in overall appearance resemble a single flower.
Other Wild Growing Herbaceous Plants
Lawn & Roadside Weeds:
Weedy, often annual plants found only in lawns, roadsides
and parking areas, or recently overturned earth. A few common lawn
weeds that also grow in fields and along trails are included here
as well as with Spring or Summer flowers.
Wildflowers generally flowering before mid-June and not usually
found in flowering condition later in the season. Plants found flowering
in early June may also be found under Summer
& Fall Flowers.
Summer & Fall
Wildflowers generally not flowering until mid-June or later.
Plants found flowering in late June may also be found under Spring
Cultivated Herbaceous Plants:
Plants, including some woody shrubs, cultivated in the Ruth Sachidanandan
Memorial Herb Garden. The species present in the garden may vary from year
Other Flower Beds:
Herbaceous plants cultivated in flower beds. The species present in
the gardens may vary from year to year.